# Intercultural Science-Art Project – The Artworks

Here you can take a look at all the artworks created by the Young Researchers who participated in the Intercultural Science-Art Project.

Nkan tio ba kọjaa mathematics, o kọjaa eniyan
(Yoruba)
“Whatever goes beyond mathematics, goes beyond man”
2019
digital

Looking externally at the work, one may be quick to conclude that it’s the map of Nigeria, my country of origin. This image, however, does not include the two rivers which divide the country into three regions, hence visualizing the country as a single unit.

The two lines contained in the image are representations of a few of the numerical simulation results performed on a Lassa fever model which I developed in the course of my present masters’ degree research. Lassa Fever is a highly fatal acute Viral Hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa Virus. The first occurrence of this disease was in Nigeria in 1969 and presently, Nigeria is home to over 50% of the total human Lassa fever population.

The yellow line in the image represents the numerical simulation result of the model’s infectious class without the incorporation of any control strategy while the red line represents the numerical simulation result of the model’s infectious class with the incorporation of three different control strategies.

The phrase “Nkan tio ba kọjaa mathematics, o kọjaa eniyan” is written in Yoruba, my native language. The English translation is “Whatever goes beyond mathematics, goes beyond man”. This is to simply state that Mathematics is a tool that helps to proffer solutions to all human problems, provided it’s properly maximized.

Alexis VanderWilt (USA)

This is not an Infectuous Relationship.
(English)
2019
digital

My research focuses on the impact of social networks on the spread of disease. So, each dot represents a person and their color represents their status whether it be Infected, Dead, Recovered, or Susceptible. The size of each dot represents how social they are. The hands represent one of the many interactions between an infected person and a susceptible person that happens throughout the simulation. The dots on this piece are actual results from a singular run of my simulation.

Aung Zaw Myint (Myanmar)

“Predator-prey Model ရဲ့ အရေအတ့က် ပေါက်ကဲ့ခြင်း စနစ်
(Burmese)
“Population Dynamics of Predator-prey System”
2019
digital

This Pheasant Math-Art is referred to as the predator-prey relationship system graphs of the nonlinear of differential equations in mathematical biology or ecology.

In the back part of Pheasant, the presented result graph between the lynx and the snowshoe hare the predator prey relationship. The yellow shows the population of lynx, while the red shows the population of hares. At the start of the graph, the lynx population was very high, which the hare population was relatively low (i.e. the snowshoe hare forms a large staple in the lynx diet. Without the hare, the lynx would starve. However, as the lynx eats the hare, or many hares, it can reproduce. Thus, the lynx population expands. With more lynx hunting, the hare population rapidly declines. )

For Lotka-Volterra equations, the Pheasant tails are referred to as a critical point in the first quadrant could be an asymptotically stable node or spiral point when the limiting population of the prey species in the absence of the predator species.

The front part of Pheasant referred to Prey-Predator dynamics as described by the level curves of a conserved quantity for Lotka-Volterra equations.

In the neck of Pheasant said that Kermack-McKendrick model of propagation of infectious disease. A short calculation shows that x(t) converges to a constant, say x(t)→x∗ where x∗ can be found by solving the equation C=rx∗-dlnx∗.

Danilo Gregorin Afonso (Brazil)

“Resolvendo sem resolver”
(Portuguese)
“Solving without solving”
2019
Jigsaw puzzle

The idea behind this is the concept of a weak solution for elliptic partial differential equations. Since they are very difficult to actually solve, we change the concept of solution to a broader one, and then seek for theorems on existence and uniqueness of solutions. Later we study the regularity of these weak solutions. In some conditions, they will be actual solutions. In this way, we solve the problem without actually solving it. I hope the work to motivate discussions on this subject.

As Einstein once said: “You can’t blame gravity for falling in love”, you shouldn’t blame mathematics for not doing well on stock markets.”
2019
Pen on paper

As the sun goes up, we wake up wanting to know in which direction in the forest we should go in order to harvest some dollars from the tree. Should I plant, pick or just lay on the grass to get some tan? Should I buy, sell or idle? The stock market and high-frequency trading have attracted attention from the financial institutions and hedge funds, but also from academics. Before the sun goes down, we should decide which signs and indicators we take to trust them and believe in them.

The text in the picture is from the song: “Kralj izgubljenih stvari” in the performance of Serbian singer Sasa Matic, and it means: “you need a thousand steps to the top, and just one and only one to the bottom”.

Jimoh Abdulganiyu (Nigeria)

“Eyi kii ṣe ọlọje x-ray awọn pixels.”
(Yoruba)
“This is not x-ray scan, it’s pixels.”
2019
drawing

During data collection in my research work I noticed that at every digital image taking section in radiography unit in hospitals, radiologist doctors have the strong belief that they are truly diagnosing patients for every image scan to detect illness but the doctors aren’t realising that what they think they are diagnosing are series of pixels representing or depicting the real medical image of patients. Therefore my artwork read “Eyi kii ṣe ọlọje x-ray awọn pixels.” & “This is not x-ray scan it’s pixels.”

Lateef Olakunle Jolaoso (Nigeria)

“This is not a fixed-point theorem.”
2019
photography

My research focuses on the study of optimization and fixed point problems. Basically, designing/constructing iterative algorithms for the approximation of solutions of optimization and fixed point problems.

With this one can solve convex feasibility problems, split feasibility problems, variational inequalities problems, convex minimization problems, equilibrium problems, split monotone inclusion problems and split equality fixed point problems in Hilbert and Banach spaces. It lies between pure and applied mathematics.

Matheus Pires Cardoso (Brazil)

“A caixa de Cantor”
(Portuguese)
“Cantor’s Box”
2019
digital

It is a simple box that looks like it is floating on a blue surface. This artwork tries to bring a simple explanation about one of the most incredible discoveries from set theory by Georg Cantor. The box could represent the set of positive integers, and inside of it all the subsets, the even numbers, Fibonacci’s numbers, odd numbers etc. All of them can be put in the box, and if we can put all those sets the box will be full but despite that happen you will be able to put the rationals and the negative numbers as well, even if the box is full. This can be explained with the concept of cardinality, the sets which we put in the box, all of them have the same cardinality and despite that, if we union two sets with the same cardinality the set that formed with the union of the two will have the same cardinality. Then we can put in more sets as long as they have the same cardinality of the other sets which already are in the box. That is the reason for the phrase “Mesmo cheia mas há espaço” in Portuguese, which can be translated to “Even if it is full, there is space for more”.

Oshinubi Kayode (Nigeria)

“Kiraki”
(Yoruba)
“Crack”
2019
drawing

The artwork is all about cracks in structures as we know that cracks lead to the collapse of structures. The idea is to proffer solutions to cracks in structures in order to predict the location, size and depth of a crack.

Ricardo Jose Sandoval Mendoza (El Salvador)

“Movimiento por Números”
(Spanish)
“Movement by Numbers”
2019
felt pen on paperboard

The primary focus of my research is data analytics on micro-mobility. In this artwork, I was thus trying to depict what has been the primary source of data for my research (dockless electric scooters) and what my research is about (data analytics). Even though there are many more components and tools that go into my research, I wanted my artwork to be pretty self-explanatory and easy for the viewer to get an idea of what I am doing at my lab. I chose to draw a dockless electric scooter, not only because it represents the data source for my research, but because dockless electric scooters are at the forefront of the micro-mobility revolution. They are changing the way in which people move around cities, and they are becoming a prominent mode of last mile transportation. It is thus important that we understand how people use them and the ways in which they interact with the built environment.

### Posted by Demian Goos

Demian Nahuel Goos is a half-German, half-Argentinian assistant instructor and PhD student in mathematics at Universidad Nacional de Rosario in Argentina, where he also does research in its nuclear research institution. Moreover, he is a teacher in German as a foreign language and a soccer referee. In search of ways to communicate mathematics in a more appealing way, he does artwork about math and mathematicians.   Demian Nahuel Goos ist ein deutsch-argentinischer Assistant Instructor und Doktorand in Mathematik an der Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentinien, wo er auch an dessen Kernforschungsinstitut in der Forschung tätig ist. Des Weiteren unterrichtet er Deutsch als Fremdsprache und jobbt als Fußball-Schiedsrichter. Auf der Suche nach Wegen, Mathematik auf eine attraktive Art und Weise zu vermitteln, setzt er sich gerne künstlerisch mit Mathematik und Mathematikern auseinander.